Policy on Listeria monocytogenes in Ready-to-Eat Foods (2011)

Introduction


We also provide information with recommendations to reduce stress in E-Mails or posters. For these foods, processors should validate and verify their processes to ensure that the levels of L. That way, you can tell location of a faulty blower just by the change in the sound. Assessment of comparative advantage in aquaculture: We provide exceptional opportunities for people with commitment to excellence in a dynamic business environment.

National Institutes of Health (NIH)


Trade Descriptions for Poultry " The purpose of this standard is to facilitate trade at the wholesale level by better communicating product and packaging specifications for raw poultry products among buyers, producers, and traders. The trade descriptions pro- vide concise word and picture descriptions of product composition and define a coding system to precisely specify product and packaging characteristics Click on "Heart Rates".

Poultry Medicine Clinical Cases; etc Each "Poultry Diseases" includes " Includes over "" Poultry Disease Technical Reports. Each "Poultry Disease" Technical Report includes " Poultry Vaccination Schedules include Vaccination Schedules for " Examples of "Poultry Vaccination" Sections include " Handling vaccines on the farm; etc New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, Examples of "Poultry Science" Subject Categories include " Total incubation time to hatch, time for transfer to hatcher, and dry and wet bulb temperatures for common birds.

Growing Your Range Poultry Business: Raising Birds on Pasture; etc Examples of "Ornithology" Course Chapters include " The goals include and increased understanding of the process of gathering scientific data and the opportuinty to interacti with scientists from several disciplines The day Chick Lifecycle Ratites: Lacking the large keel on the breast bone where flight muscles attach, these birds are unable to fly Scheideler University of Nebraska and J.

The design of successful feeding programs for ratites ostriches and emus is a special challenge to nutritionists and production managers. There is little scientifically based information on nutrient requirements and efficiency of nutrient utilization by ratites.

Nevertheless, successful feeding programs have been developed by using Comparative intestinal lengths of ostriches, emus, and chickens; Body weights of ostriches and emus at selected ages; Nutrition guidelines for ostriches; Nutritional guidelines for emus; Concentrations of selected nutrients in ingredients used in feeds of ostriches and emus Ostrich reach an adult height of over 7 feet by 16 to 18 months of age.

They continue to increase in weight after this time with adult males reaching over pounds. Ostrich may become sexually mature at 2 years of age although males often mature later than females. It is not uncommon for hens to begin laying at 2 to 3 years of age while males may take as long as 4 to 5 years to be functionally mature Examples of "Biology of the Goat" Lessons include " Internal Parasites; External Parasites; etc Body Condition Scoring of Goats Video " Scoring is performed in goats using a BCS ranging from 1.

A BCS of 1. With practice, evaluating the BCS of an animal will only take about seconds Reference Guides include " Meat Production and Marketing; etc Creep feeding; Out-of-season Breeding; Flushing; etc Emergency first aid; Monitoring your herd; Taking vital signs; Vaccinating goats; Kid care; Parasites; etc Breaking down a carcass; Cheesemaking simplified; Feta Cheese; etc You can access the modules either for Certification or for Browsing.

Composting is an inexpensive, environmentally friendly method of disposing of animal mortality At maturity 3 years , it is able to pull a cart or carry a pack as it did in its native Sicily and Sardinia Horse Transverse Section Guide " The study of transverse sections is a traditional component of most veterinary anatomy courses. To interpret transverse sections, veterinary students must switch from the three dimensions of their cadaver to the two-dimensional plane of the section Dental Anatomy of Horses " The molars and premolars of the horse are known as cheek teeth.

The cheek teeth slowly erupt to compensate for the constant grinding which wears away mm per year. For this reason, horses have very long teeth that are refered to as hypsodont which means "high tooth. Aging Horses by Their Teeth " For very young horses, eruption dates are useful, but in general, the place to start is examination of the occlusal surface of the lower incisors.

The weight of your horse is the basic guide to calculating balanced rations, the single most necessary factor for sound health and good peformance Semen Collection from Stallions " Semen is collected from stallions as part of breeding soundness exams, as well as for artificial insemination. Semen collected for insemination can be used fresh, cooled and shipped to another location, or stored frozen for use in the future The physical examination of the horse may be either generalized or focused Assisted Reproduction Techniques; Vaginoscopic Exam; etc Pregnancy Examination of the Mare Subject Catgories include " High Speed Equine Treadmill " The system developed by Dr.

Henneke assigns a numerical value to fat deposition as it occurs in various places on the horse's body. The system works by assessing fat both visually and by palpation examination by touch , in each of six areas Broodmare ; Breeding Stallion ; Performance Horse Form to Function " When evaluating the conformation of a horse, you should consider the following areas: Horse Conformation Analysis " Horse Reference Guides include " Examples of "Equine Disease" Sections include " Equine Lameness Diagnosis " This program is designed to help a student think through the steps necessary to diagnose lameness in the equine Each section shows the cross-sectional anatomy of that region in three orthoganol planes Pharmacia Animal Health, Pfizer Inc.

Abscess; Enostosis; Avascular necrosis; Femoralpatellar joint; Pedal osteitis; Pelvis fractures; etc Examples of "Equine Ophthalmology" Subject Categories include " Etiology, Signs, and Management; etc Examples of "Equine Orthopedic" Lectures include " How to Give your Horse an Intramuscular Injection " The site of the IM injection is important for the safety of the horse and the handler.

Choose a large muscle mass that is actively used by the horse Lunging and Ground Driving Video; etc Kellogg Arabian Horse Training Videos" include " Conformation Video - D. Scoggins; Starting with a Colt - D. Scoggins; Endurance Riding - C.

Examples of "Horse Videos" Categories which include over "" Videos" " Examples of "Basic Horsemanship" Lessons include " Determining correct nutrient levels; Roughage for horses; Concentrates for horses; Ration number 1: Foal creep ration; Ration number 2: Weaning horse ration; Ration number 3: Yearling, 2-year-old, late pregnancy and lactating mare ration; Daily nutrient needs Mature horses At maintenance; Mares: Last 90 days of gestation; Lactating mare: First two months; Weanling: Form to Function "Horse Conformation: Form to Function" " All bridles have three basic parts: The bit is the primary means of communication.

The reins allow you to manipulate the bit and also serve as a secondary means of communication. The headstall holds the bit in place and may apply pressure to the poll Arabian Horse Judging Video " Jackson; Revised by K.

Examples of "Horse Judging Manual" Sections include " Fouts; Compiled by L. Horse Show Rings; etc In this forum we will analyze still shots of horses to demonstrate the factors that allow you to see the gait as diagonal or vertical, the support phase of the gait, the timing of the lift off and set down of the hooves and the tendency to be a ventroflexed or dorsiflexed Knot Tying" Videos include " They're economical can be made quickly and there's a wide range of rope colours and rope types to choose from Start with a foot length of rope There are many aspects that should be considered when fitting a saddle to the horse.

The type, size and build of saddle, along with the conformation of the horse, all play a part in a proper fit Selecting a Saddle to Fit the Rider Sections include " Saddlemaking Videos; Saddlemaking Production Techniques; etc How to saddle a horse; How to unsaddle a horse; How to mount a horse; How to determine saddle seat size; How to determine the correct stirrup length; How to determine western cinch size; etc The Secrets of a Long Saddle Life; etc Horse Locomotion, Dressage, etc.

Examples of "Understanding the Equine Hoof" Videos include " Examples of "Horse Hoofcare" Subject Categories include " Proceedings of the Royal Society A: A 8 November vol. Here, we study the mechanics of the simplest rope trick, the Flat Loop, in which the rope is driven by the steady circular motion of the roper's hand in a horizontal plane.

We first consider the case of a fixed non-sliding honda. Noting that the rope's shape is steady in the reference frame rotating with the hand, we analyse a string model in which line tension is balanced by the centrifugal force and the rope's weight. We use numerical continuation Part I Selecting a Rope: Bodyweight; Meat; Breeding; Wool; etc Condition Scoring of Sheep " Visual Sheep Scores - Version 2 - " Provide the Australian sheep industry with a standardised set of visual assessment scores for the consistent description of important phenotypic traits of all breeds of sheep; Develop a quick and simple scoring system to help sheep classers and breeders select sheep on visually-assessed traits to accelerate genetic gain; etc Enable researchers to estimate the heritability of visually-assessed sheep traits, and to measure their relationships, if any, on important production traits such as fleece weight, fibre diameter, growth rate and body weight Sheep Reference Guides include " Sheep Videos include " Making More from Sheep " Almost leading sheep producers and technical experts helped develop the 11 linked modules in the manual, which cover subjects ranging from soils and pasture to wool and meat marketing, animal health, genetics and farm sustainability The initial investment and annual operation costs of a sheep enterprise are relatively low.

Sheep production requires adequate but not elaborate facilities and equipment Production Records; Ram Selection Ewe Puberty; Reproductive Cycle of the Ewes; etc Bloat; Cheesy gland caseous lymphadenitis in sheep; Eperythrozoonosis in Sheep; External parasites; Foot and mouth disease; Footrot; Internal parasites; Lamb Autopsy; etc Fat scoring sheep and lambs; Feedlotting lambs; How pasture characteristics influence sheep production; Sheep nutrition; etc Examples of "Sheep An Peischel and D.

This concept has been around for decades and has taken many names, including prescribed grazing and managed herbivory. The major difference between good grazing management and targeted grazing is that targeted grazing refocuses outputs of grazing from livestock production to vegetation and landscape enhancement Each "Sheep Diseases" includes " Foot Rot Eradication; etc Scrapie is a fatal, degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system of sheep and goats.

It is among a number of diseases classified as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies TSE. Infected flocks that contain a high percentage of susceptible animals can experience significant production losses Definition; Identification; Diagnosis; Clinical Signs; etc It has been assembled by leading parasitologists, researchers, extension officers, consultants, drench manufacturers and drench resellers Black scour worm; Berber's pole worm; Whipworm; Lungworms; etc Class of Sheep; Sheep Immunity; Nutrition; etc For more information see Sheep Sheep Shearing Demonstration at Vermont Fairs Successfully Slick Shearing Show Lamb " The main reason for slick shearing is to place emphasis on conformation of the lamb.

In addition, many judges prefer lambs to be "slick-shorn", or shorn within three to four days of the show or during the show. Sheep, Mutton, Lamb Grades and Standards include " National Swine Registry includes " The pig embryo is presented in two ways: All of the sections are presented serially in an unlabeled fashion and then select sections have been labeled for you.

The slides start from the crown of the pig embryo and proceed posteriorly towards the rump Dental Anatomy of Pigs " In boars, the canine teeth, or tusks, grow throughout the animal's life. The lower tusks are kept sharp by friction against the upper ones making them formidable weapons. Numerous tubercles make the occlusal surface of Sow Condition Scoring " A scale from 0 emaciated to 5 grossly fat is used in the scoring system which combines both visual appraisal and feel.

Visual appraisal alone is not good enough: Assessing Sow Body Condition " A critical element of successful swine reproduction is managing sows so they do not gain or lose too much weight or body condition between parities.

Maintaining sows in proper body condition throughout their lives can lead to more consistent reproductive performance, but Examples of "Artificial Insemination in Swine: Breeding the Female" Sections include " Swine estrous cycle; Detecting estrus; The female reproductive system; Inseminating the female; etc Click on "Swine Nutrition Guide". Select which ages of pig are affected; Number of pigs affected; Do Pigs have a high temperature, fever?

Each "Pig Diseases" includes " Symptoms; Causes; Contributing Factors; Diagnosis Examples of "Bleeding and Intravenous Techniques in Pigs" include " Swine Injection Guide includes " Swine Diseases and Microorganisms; etc Boar or Sow Shelter House; etc Swine Farrowing Building; etc For more information see the Archive: Examples of "Swine" Subject Categories include " Non Infectious Infertility; Pig Reproduction: Swine Production and Management " Examples of "Swine Husbandry" Subject Categories include " Pork Grades and Standards include " Examples of "Porcine Myology" Subject Categories include " Composting Livestock Mortality and Butcher Waste includes " A minute video describes mortality and butcher residual composting featuring eight operations Examples of the "The Rendering Process" Publications include " National Animal Germplasm Program U.

AnGR management tools allow us to evaluate the genetic diversity collected and assess what needs to be added to the collection, compare countries' collections of the same breed and understand how they may be genetically similar or dissimilar, and develop tools that assist with in-situ conservation activities General Overview Drilldown Uses a drilldown format that allows you to see the collection by species, breed, line, and individual.

You can also specify tissue type blood, semen or embryos ; Compare Taxonomies: Allows the user to compare two taxonomies within the repository; Compare Animals: Allows the user to compare two or more animals; Coefficient of Relationship; etc Smithsonian Magazine and Smithsonian.

Currently, the USDA facility in Colorado has amassed more than , frozen samples from about 26, animals. The collection, made up of common livestock species as well as fish and shellfish, includes 36 species represented by breeds. DuPont experts work with customers to create specialized, cost-effective packaging solutions that deliver high performance DuPont offers high quality, productivity and sustainable solutions for the printing and package printing industry.

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