FAQs About Turbo 13
All airframe systems except the Power Plant package. Que peut le corps? Kant et la morale. At some point during the landing, the left main landing gear collapsed, and the aircraft came to rest near the landing runway. If you want to make your selections, this is very simple to do with their online!
Recent plane crashes
A total of 12 S-2Es were bought from the U. Navy in and 4 S-2G in Only 27 were ultimately converted due to a shortage of parts supplied by Grumman resulting in the use of remaining conversion kits as spare parts. Usually carries depth charges, Mk.
The Turkish Navy received a number of ex-U. Turkish Trackers were retired in after a series of accidents caused by the advanced age and fatigue of the airframes. On 15 September , one S-2G arrived. On 2 February , another two S-2Gs arrived.
By September , the remaining Uruguayan Trackers were not in flight condition. The Firecats were made in two variants, a piston engine Firecat and a turboprop-powered Turbo Firecat. By the department began to evaluate the use of former military Grumman S-2 aircraft. Many retired Trackers were sold to private owners for fire-fighting duties. Some were rebuilt and re-engined with turboprop engines. Although still in active service in South America, numbers of Trackers are on public display mainly in countries that formerly operated the type.
Data from Canada Aviation and Space Museum . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from S-2 Tracker. Family of carrier-borne anti-submarine and maritime patrol aircraft. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.
List of displayed Grumman S-2 Trackers. Aviation portal United States Navy portal. Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers. Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 19 January Naval Historical Society of Australia.
Includes the rotor blades and rotor head. Does not include the rotor anti-icing system which is dealt with in chapter For an integral unit, only one section will be used. Includes the control units, caption lights, indicators, wiring, etc. Includes items such as control linkage and control cables for collective pitch, cyclic pitch, directional control, servo-controls and corresponding system.
The trim system and the indicating and monitoring system. Includes items such as collective pitch lever, cyclic pitch stick and corresponding linkage and cable controls, coupling, and mixing units, and artificial feel unit system.
Also includes the control position indicating system. Includes items such as tail rotor control pedals, relevant linkage and cable controls, bellcranks constituting the yaw control channel and the control position indicating system. In the maintenance manual this section shall cover subjects such as engine changes, run-up, externally mounted spare power plants, etc. In the overhaul manual, this section shall cover subjects such as power plant build-up, teardown, etc.
Includes the functioning and maintenance aspects of items such as accessory section cowls, cowl flaps, cowling supports, and attach and locking mechanisms, etc. Does not include the structure integral with the airframe which shall be covered in the applicable Structures chapter. Includes items such as engine mounts, vibration dampeners, support links, mounting bolts, etc. Does not include those fire-walls which are included in Chapter Does not include the wiring which is specifically covered under another system.
Includes items such as nose ring cowls, scoops, compressor fan cowls, buried engine ducts, vortex generators, actuators, control handles, cables, wiring, plumbing, linkages, doors, warning systems, position indicators, etc.
Does not include integral structure with the airframe, which shall be included in the applicable Structures chapter. Includes drainlines, manifolds, tanks, flame arrestors, vents, and their supporting brackets, etc. Also includes components that are an integral part of, or fitted to the power plant cowling.
Includes, for the turbine engine, air inlet, compessor, diffuser, combustion chambers, turbine and exhaust; and for the reciprocating engine, blower and clutch, clutch control valve, cylinder, cylinder baffles, intake pipes, crankshaft assembly, etc.
Used to transmit power to the propeller shaft, if any, and accessory drives. Includes reduction gearing, gear trains, extension shaft and torque meter. Within the profile of the basic engine, used to supplement the functioning of other defined systems external to the engine. Includes items such as accessory drive, mechanical portion of the spark advance mechanism, oil transfer tubes from the propeller governor pad to the propeller shaft, BMEP section, etc.
Used to control and direct the flow of lubrication through the engine from the inlet fitting to the outlet fitting. Includes engine pumps pressure and scavenger , pressure relief valves, screens, oil lines internal and external , etc.
In the engine overhaul manual, this section would include such subjects as tear down, cleaning, inspection, assembly, testing, etc. Includes items such as drives for hose mounted accessories, etc. If applicable, the section of the engine which uses mechanical force, through a gear-driven system, to drive front mounted propulsors which provide the majority of the energy generated.
Includes items such as guide vanes, shrouds, cases, etc. Includes items such as cases, vanes, shrouds, rotors, diffusers, etc. Also includes the maintenance and overhaul of stator blades but not the operation of variable stator blades which is covered under Chapter 75 - Does not include compressor bleed section.
Includes items such as burner cans, cases, etc. Includes items such as turbine nozzles, turbine rotors, cases, etc. Includes items such as engine-mounted gear boxes, gears, seals, pumps, etc. Does not include remotely installed gear boxes which are covered in Chapter The propulsor may be turbine-driven or gear-driven. Includes items such as drives for nose mounted accessories.
Also includes rocker arm assembly, valve springs, etc. Includes front and rear pressure and scavenger pumps, sumps, strainers, valves, etc.
Also includes those oil lines not included in chapter Does not include those items which form integral passages within the engine. Includes coordinator of equivalent, engine driven fuel pump and filter assembly, main and thrust augmentor fuel controls, electronic temperature datum control, temerature datum valve, fuel manifold, fuel nozzles, fuel enrichment system, speed sensitivity switch, relay box assembly, solenoid drip valve, etc.
For reciprocating engines, those units and components which deliver metered fuel and air to the engine. The air portion includes units from the scoop inlet to the vapor return, and impeller chamber. Includes items such as plumbing, pumps, temperature regulator, valves, filters, manifold, nozzles, etc. Does not include main of thrust augmentor control. Includes items such as hydro-mechanical or electronic fuel control, levers, actuators, cables, pulleys, linkages, sensors, valves, etc.
Includes items such as transmitters, indicators, wiring, etc. Does not include indication, if indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system ref. Includes induction vibrators, magnetos, switches, lead filters, distributors, harnesses, plugs, ignition relays, exciters, and the electrical portion of spark advance. Includes items such as magnetos, distributors, booster coils, exciters, transformers, storage capacitors, and compositors, etc.
Includes wiring between magneto and distributors in those systems where they are separate units. Includes items such as ignition harness, high tension leads, coils used in "low tension" systems, spark plugs igniters, etc.
Includes items such as ignition switches, wiring, connectors, etc. Includes compressor bleed systems used to control flow of air through the engine, cooling air systems and heated air systems for engine anti-icing. Does not include aircraft anti-icing, engine starting systems, nor exhaust supplementary air systems.
Includes items such as valves, plumbing, wiring, regulators, etc. Electrical anti-icing is covered in Chapter Includes items such as valves, plumbing, wiring, jet pumps, vortex spoilers, etc.
Includes items such as governors, valves, actuators, linkages, etc. Also includes the operation of variable stator blades, but not the maintenance and overhaul, which shall be covered under Includes units and components which are interconnected for emergency shutdown.
For turbo-prop engines, includes linkages and controls to the coordinator or equivalent to the propeller governor, fuel control unit or other units being controlled. For reciprocating engine, include controls for blowers. Does not include units or components which are specifically included in other chapters. Includes controls to the propeller regulator on turbo-prop engines.
Includes items such as linkages, cables, levers, pulleys, switches, wiring, etc. Includes items such as levers, cables, pulleys, linkages, switches, wiring, etc. Does not include the units themselves. Includes indicators, transmitters, analyzers, etc. For turbo-prop engines includes phase detectors.
Does not include systems or items which are included in other chapters except when indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system ref. Includes items such as cylinder head, exhaust turbine inlet , etc. Includes items such as generators, wiring, amplifiers, oscilloscopes, etc. Includes items such as display units, transmitters, receivers, computers, etc. For turbine engines, includes units external to the basic engine such as thrust reverser and noise suppressor.
For reciprocating engines, includes augmentors, stacks, clamps, etc. Includes items such as collector rings, exhaust and thrust augmentor ducts, variable nozzles, actuators, plumbing, linkages, wiring, position indicators, warning systems, etc. Does not include power recovery turbines, turbo-superchargers, etc. Includes items such as pipes, baffles, shields, actuators, plumbing linkages, wiring, position indicators, warning systems, etc. Use where integral part of nozzle system.
Includes items such as clamshells, linkages, levers, actuator, plumbing, wiring, indicators, warning systems, etc. Includes items such as tertiary doors, actuators, linkages, springs, plumbing, wiring, position indicators, warning systems, etc. Covers all units and components from the lubricating oil engine outlet to the inlet, including the inlet and outlet fittings, tank, radiator, by-pass valve, etc.
Includes items such as tanks, filling systems, internal hoppers, baffles, tank sump and drain, etc. Does not include tanks which are an integral portion of the engine. Includes items such as plumbing, valves, temperature regulator, control systems, etc. Does not include indication if indication is accomplished as part of an integrated engine instrument system ref. Includes electrical, inertial air or other starter systems. Includes items such as plumbing, valves, wiring, starters, switches, relays, etc.
Includes power recovery turbine assembly and turbo-supercharger unit when external to the engine. Includes tank sealing, attachment of bladder type cells, ventilating system, cell and tank interconnects, filling systems, etc.
Includes items such as plumbing, crossfeed systems, pumps, valves, controls, etc. Includes items such as plumbing, valves, controls, etc. Does not include those accessory drives which are bolted to and are immediately adjacent to the engine. Includes items such as drive shaft, adapters, seals, etc. Includes items such as gears, shafts, seals, oil pumps, coolers, etc. Includes solid or liquid propellants, controls, indicator, etc.
The complete operational unit. Manufacturers' recommended time limits for inspections, maintenance checks and inspections both scheduled and unscheduled. Those manufacturer recommended time limits for inspections, maintenance and overhaul of the aircraft, its systems and units, and life of parts. Those manufacturer recommended maintenance checks and inspections of the aircraft, its systems and units dictated by the time limits specified in above.
Reserved for use in those cases where the number of breakouts provided by the fourth digit of the breakout is not sufficient to cover all of the maintenance checks dictated by subsystem above. Those maintenance checks and inspections on the aircraft, its systems and units which are dictated by special or unusual conditions which are not related to the time limits specified in above. This chapter shall include the necessary procedures to lift and shore aircraft in any of the conditions to which it may be subjected.
Provides information relative to jack points, adapters, tail supports, balance weights, jacks and jacking procedures utilized during aircraft maintenance and repair. Those instructions necessary to support the aircraft during maintenance and repair.
This chapter shall include the necessary information to properly level the aircraft for any of the various maintenance, overhaul or major repairs which might become necessary during the life of the aircraft. Those units or components dedicated to the specific function of recording, storing or computing weight and balance data.
Provides information relative to those units or components dedicated to the specific function of leveling the aircraft. Those instructions necessary to tow and taxi the aircraft. Those instructions necessary to tow or push the aircraft in normal or other conditions such as towing with engines removed, etc.
Those instructions necessary to taxi the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions such as adverse weather conditions, etc. Those instructions necessary to park, store, moor and prepare the aircraft for service in any of the conditions to which it may be subjected. Those instructions necessary to park or store the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions such as with engines removed, or aircraft damaged for short or long terms.
Those instructions necessary to moor or picket the aircraft in normal or abnormal conditions or with engines removed, etc. Those instructions necessary to prepare the aircraft for operation following mooring, parking, or a period of storage.
All procurable placards, labels, etc. Those placards and markings required for ground servicing instructions, inspections, cautions, warnings, etc. Those placards, markings, self-illuminating signs, etc. Those instructions for the replenishment of fluids, scheduled and unscheduled servicing applicable to the whole airplane. Those instructions necessary for the replenishment of fuel, oil, hydraulic fluid, water, other fluids, tire pressure, etc.
Those instructions necessary to carry out servicing that may be scheduled. Those instructions necessary to carry out servicing that is normally unscheduled. This chapter shall provide the necessary information to enable operators to monitor and diagnose vibration and noise levels in order to identify imbalance, damage or misalignment in helicopter dynamic and structural components.
Those instructions necessary to monitor, measure, diagnose and locate sources of vibration in dynamic and structural components. Those instructions necessary to monitor, measure, diagnose and locate sources of noise in dynamic and structural components. All airframe systems except the Power Plant package.
Those units and components which furnish a means of pressurizing, heating, cooling, moisture controlling, filtering and treating the air used to ventilate the areas of the fuselage within the pressure seals. That portion of the system and its controls which supplies compressed air. That portion of the system used to induct and distribute air.
That portion of the system used to control the pressure within the fuselage. That portion of the system and its controls which supply heated air. That portion of the system and its controls which supply cooled air. That portion of the system used to control the temperature of the air. That portion of the system used to control moisture in the air, to control ozone concentrations, to filter radioactive debris from conditioned air, and to treat the air with deodorizers, insecticides, etc.
Those units and components which furnish a means of automatically controlling the flight of the aircraft. That portion of the system that automatically maintains safe flight conditions by correcting for effects of speed and out -of-trim conditions by such means as automatic trim, mach trim or speed stability and mach feel. Those units and components which furnish a means of communicating from one part of the aircraft to another and between the aircraft or ground stations, includes voice, data, C -W communicating components, PA system, inter -com and tape reproducers - record player.
That portion of the system which presents information derived from pulse coded transmissions. That portion of the system used to address and entertain the passengers including installations for increased cabin comfort, such as active noise control systems.
That portion of the system which is used by flight and ground personnel to communicate between areas on the aircraft. That portion of the system which controls the output of the communications and navigation receivers into the flight crew headphones and speakers and the output of the flight crew microphones into the communications transmitters.
That portion of the system which is used to dissipate static electricity. Those installations that record, or monitor crew or passenger conversation or movement for security or safety purposes. Mechanical devices that drive the generators at a desired RPM. That portion of the systems used to generate, regulate, control, and indicate AC electrical power.
That portion of the systems used to generate, regulate, control and indicate DC electrical power. That portion of the system within the aircraft which connects external electrical power to the aircraft's electrical system.
That portion of the system which provides for connection of AC power to using systems. That portion of the system which provides for connection of DC power to using systems.
Those removable items of equipment and furnishings externally mounted on the aircraft or contained in the flight, passenger, cargo, and accessory compartments. The compartment above the floor and between the forward passenger partition and the forward pressure dome. The areas in which the passengers are seated. The areas in which food and beverages are stored and prepared. The toilet and dressing room areas containing wash basins, dressing tables, and water closet.
Those items of equipment carried for use in emergency procedures. Those compartments used for the housing of various components or accessories. Those insulation blankets which are used for heat and sound insulation. Those fixed and portable units and components which detect and indicate fire or smoke and store and distribute fire extinguishing agent to all protected areas of the aircraft; including bottles, valves, tubing, etc.
That portion of the system which is used to sense and indicate the presence of overheat, smoke, or fire. That portion of those fixed or portable systems which is used to extinguish fire. That portion of the system which is used to sense, indicate and extinguish a flame propagating into the fuel vent or scoop to prevent an explosion in the fuel system.
Those units and components which furnish a means of manually controlling the flight attitude characteristics of the aircraft, including items such as hydraulic boost system, rudder pedals, controls, mounting brackets, etc. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the trailing edge flaps. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of the spoilers, drag devices and variable aerodynamic fairings.
That portion of the systems which protects the control surfaces from movement by wind while the aircraft is on the ground. That portion of the systems which controls the position and movement of variable opening wings slots, leading edge wing flaps, and other similar auxiliary devices used for increasing aerodynamic lift.
Those units and components which store and deliver fuel to the engine. That portion of the system which stores fuel. That portion of the system which is used to distribute fuel from the filler connector to the storage system and from the storage system to and including the power plant fuel quick disconnect. That portion of the system which is used to dump fuel overboard during flight. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the quantity, temperature, and pressure of the fuel. Those units and components which furnish hydraulic fluid under pressure includes pumps, regulators, lines, valves, etc.
That portion of the system which is used to store and deliver hydraulic fluid to using systems. That portion of the system which is classified as auxiliary, emergency or standby, and which is used to supplement or take the place of the main hydraulic system. That portion of the system which is used to indicate the quantity, temperature and pressure of the hydraulic fluid. Those units and components which provide a means of preventing or disposing of formation of ice and rain on various parts of the aircraft.
That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on all airfoil surfaces. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice in or around air intakes.
That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on the pitot and static systems. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice, frost or rain on the windows, windshields and doors. That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on antennas and radomes.
That portion of the system which is used to eliminate or prevent the formation of ice on propellers or rotors. That portion of the system which is used to prevent the formation of ice in water supply and drain lines.
Numbered events have to meet three criteria: Airline safety year in review After departing from Seatac Airport, Russell flew the aircraft for about 75 minutes in an area south of Seattle, performing number of extreme maneuvers, before crashing on an island in Puget Sound about 40 kilometers south of the departure airport.
Russell, the sole occupant of the aircraft, was killed. Crashes caused by airline insiders Dash 8 plane crashes Horizon Air plane crashes More about this event. The aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff on a domestic flight from Durango to Mexico City, Mexico. There were no fatalities among the 99 passengers and four crew members. Embraer ERJ plane crashes Aeromexico plane crashes. Shortly before reaching cruising altitude, the left engine experienced a catastrophic failure, with engine debris striking the side of the aircraft.
One passenger window was breached by engine debris and the aircraft had a rapid decompression. The flight crew executed an emergency descent and diverted to Philadelphia. All five crew members survived and one of the passengers was killed.
Boeing plane crashes Southwest plane crashes. The aircraft was on a scheduled international flight from Dhaka, Bangladesh to Kathmandu, Nepal. The aircraft was cleared to land on runway 20 but for reasons that are unclear the aircraft attemtped a landing on the opposite runway The aircraft collided with the ground and caught fire.
There were at least 49 fatalities among the four crew members and 67 passengers. More about this event Dash 7 and Dash 8 plane crashes. The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Tehran to Yasuj, Iran. About 50 after minutes takeoff, the aircraft crashed crashed in a mountainous area about 10 nm from its destination.
All six crew members and 59 passengers were killed. The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Moscow to Orsk, Russia. Within a few minutes after takeoff, the aircraft entered a rapid descent and crashed.
All six crew members and 65 passengers were killed. Crashes involving countries of the former Soviet Union More on this event. Former Toronto Blue Jays and Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Roy 'Doc' Halladay was killed when his amphibious, light sport aircraft crashed into the water at a steep angle. According the NTSB, earlier in his flight, the aircraft was flying at a low altitude over water, and passed as close as 75 feet from several beach houses. Video footage taken of the airplane before the accident, shows the airplane in a descending left 45 degree banked turn and then maneuvering about 10 ft above the water.
A witness to the accident stated, during an interview with an NTSB investigator, that he saw the airplane perform a climb to between and ft on a southerly heading and then turn and descend on an easterly heading about a 45 degree nose-down attitude.
The aircraft broke up and sank after hitting the water. Halladay was the sole occupant of the aircraft. The aircraft was a domestic air ambulance flight transporting a patient from Dundo to Luanda, Angola. About 15 minutes after departure, the crew reported an engine malfunction and fire. The aircraft crashed near the town of Cuílo, killing all three crew members and four passengers, including the patient. Gentry, who was scheduled to perform at a concert at the airport later that day, was on an orientation flight conducted by a commercial helicopter pilot.
During the flight, the pilot experienced throttle control issues and executed an autorotation maneuver to land the helicopter. The helicopter struck the ground a high descent rate, killing both Gentry and the pilot were killed by the impact. They were the only occupants of the helicopter. Shortly before midnight, the aircraft was on a visual approach to Runway 28R, but was apparently aligned with the Taxiway C, which parallels Runway 28R.
The aircraft continued toward the taxiway and had overflown that taxiway by about 0. There were four aircraft lined up on Taxiway C at the time. The landing aircraft passed about feet 30 meters above the first two aircraft, feet 61 meters above the third aircraft, and feet 91 meters above the fourth aircraft.
The closest lateral proximity between the landing aircraft and one of the four aircraft on taxiway C was 29 feet nine meters. The aircraft was on an unscheduled domestic flight from Myeik to Yangon, Myanmar. The aircraft crashed in the Andaman Sea while en route to its destination, with the last contact with the aircraft about 20 miles west of Dawei, Myanmar.
All 14 crew members and passengers were killed. This was a military aircraft on a non-airline flight and carried military personnel and their families as passengers. The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Lima to Jauja, Peru. After touchdown, the airplane apparently veered off the right side of the runway. The rightwing of the aircraft impacted the perimeter fence, which ruptured a fuel tank.
The leaking fuel caught fire, and the fuselage was consumed by fire. All nine crew members and passengers were able to evacuate the aircraft, and there were no fatalities. The cargo aircraft was on an international flight from Hong Kong, to Bishkek, Kyrgystan and crashed shortly after an aborted landing attempt.
The aircraft struck a residential area about meters from the far end of the runway. At the time, there was freezing fog and limited runway visibility reported at the airport. All four crew members and 35 people on the ground were killed were killed.
The aircraft was on an unscheduled international flight from Sochi, Russia to Latakia, Syria. The aircraft, which was transporting members of the Alexandrov Ensemble, the official choir of the Russian Armed forces, crashed into the Black Sea shortly after takeoff. Wreckage was found about one mile 1. All eight crew members and 84 passengers were killed. Just after takeoff, the aircraft crossed a road that was about meters beyond the end of the runway, apparently hitting at least one fence and dragging the rear part of the aircraft on the ground.
The aircraft became airborne, but did not gain a significant amount of altitude. The aircraft was videotaped making a descending right turn just before it crashed and caught fire. The crash site was about 10 miles 16 km from the airport. Five of the six crew members were killed. While en route, the crew reported that there was an engine problem, and that the aircraft was descending. Shortly afterwards, the crew declared an emergency.
The aircraft crashed into a hillside and caught fire. All five crew members and 42 passengers were killed. Shortly before landing, the crew declared an emergency, reportedly due to an electrical problem, and the plane crashed into mountainous terrain near Medellín.
Seven of the nine crew members and 64 of the 68 passengers were killed in the crash. Apparently, the owner of the airline, who was also a member of the flight crew, was killed in the crash. At some point during the landing, the left main landing gear collapsed, and the aircraft came to rest near the landing runway.
A fire broke out, seriously damaging the left side of the aircraft. The two crew members were not injured. During the takeoff, the right engine experienced an uncontained failure, and the flight crew aborted the takeoff. The aircraft caught fire in the area of the right engine, and the aircaft occupants evacuated the aircraft.
There were eight minor injuries among the passengers and nine crew members.