Exercise and obesity both on the rise, according to new study

Fact 2: More than 1.9 billion adults were overweight in 2016, and 650 million obese

When and where did this originate? Additional information regarding data collection may be found in the manuscript: What are the most important environmental, personal, and behavioral influences on weight status and related behaviors for adolescents? The United States had the highest obesity rate At the time of starting my research, obesity levels for men and women in the UK had reached double figures. Roughly 35, adults answer the survey every year, including questions about how often, how long and how vigorously they exercise in their leisure time.

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Poverty and obesity

Truck drivers also face health risks that can affect their livelihood. Results were published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Long-haul truck drivers LHTD drive heavy and tractor-trailer trucks with freight delivery routes requiring them to sleep away from home most nights. The survey asked questions about self-reported health conditions and health and safety risk factors. In comparison, only one-third of U. Obesity increases the chance for type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, heart disease, cancer, joint and back pain, and stroke.

NIOSH developed an infographic to help explain these findings to truck drivers and provide helpful weight loss tips. Smoking increases the chance for heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and cancer. Self-reported prevalence of chronic conditions was based on whether drivers had ever been told by a health care professional that they had the condition. The reported prevalence of heart disease in long-haul truck drivers was significantly lower than in the U. Twenty-two percent of long-haul truck drivers were either taking medicine for, or had been told they had, high cholesterol.

There were no comparable data for the general working population. More than half of long-haul truck drivers reported having two or more of these health conditions or unhealthy behaviors: These factors increase the chance of developing preventable, long-lasting diseases.

So what do we do with this information? Findings from the survey provide baseline health and injury data that can be used to identify where intervention is needed and to guide the development of health and safety policy for long-haul truck drivers.

The data can be used as benchmarks to measure the effectiveness of programs to reduce injury and illness. Our first effort involves the creation of the obesity infographic. We request your help in getting this information out to truck drivers. We value your input and welcome your ideas as well as your concerns and observations about this important occupational group. Visit our long-haul truck driver health web page or the transportation, warehousing and utilities sector program portfolio for more information on NIOSH transportation research.

He has worked in survey design and analysis and has developed approaches to collect hazard surveillance data including the collection of occupational exposure data in the indoor environment and from metalworking fluids.

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On This Page What is obesity? How common is overweight or obesity? What is known about the relationship between obesity and cancer? How might obesity increase the risk of cancer? How many cancer cases may be due to obesity?

Does avoiding weight gain or losing weight decrease the risk of cancer? How does obesity affect cancer survivorship? What research is being done on obesity and cancer? Obese people often have chronic low-level inflammation , which can, over time, cause DNA damage that leads to cancer. Overweight and obese individuals are more likely than normal-weight individuals to have conditions or disorders that are linked to or that cause chronic local inflammation and that are risk factors for certain cancers For example, chronic local inflammation induced by gastroesophageal reflux disease or Barrett esophagus is a likely cause of esophageal adenocarcinoma.

Obesity is a risk factor for gallstones , a condition characterized by chronic gallbladder inflammation, and a history of gallstones is a strong risk factor for gallbladder cancer Chronic ulcerative colitis a chronic inflammatory condition and hepatitis a disease of the liver causing inflammation are risk factors for different types of liver cancer Ten-year-old federal recommendations say adults should do weightlifting or other muscle-strengthening exercise at least twice a week.

They also advise adults to do at least 75 minutes a week of high-intensity aerobic activity, such as running, or minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, or a combination of the two. In a report being released Thursday, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at survey responses from through and found that level of leisure-time exercise was more common in some states than others. Nearly a third of non-elderly adults in Colorado, Idaho, and New Hampshire met exercise guidelines.

Only about one-seventh in Mississippi, Kentucky and South Carolina did. Higher levels of exercise were more common in people who were working than those who weren't, the study also found. Nationally, exercise levels were flat during the years covered by the CDC report.

Poverty and obesity